Tragedy is a type of drama that presents a serious subject matter about human suffering and corresponding terrible events in a dignified manner. The term is Greek in origin, dating back to the 5th century BC, when it was assigned by the Greeks to a specific form of plays performed at festivals in Greece. The local governments supported such plays, and the mood surrounding the presentation of these plays was that of a religious ceremony, as the entire community , along with the grand priest, attended the performances.
I. What is Tragedy?
Origins in Greece
In any tragedy, we start with the tragic hero, usually in his prime. The hero is successful, respected, and happy. But he has some tragic flaw that will ultimately cause his downfall. Usually, the plot of the story follows a gradual descent from greatness to destruction. In the end, we feel deep sadness and pity also called pathos for the hero. But we also feel a sense of understanding — the story warns us to guard against the ordinary flaws that brought down the hero. Thorin Oakenshield from The Hobbit is a great tragic hero. His quest is to restore the Dwarves to their kingdom under the mountain, and he is utterly committed to that quest — so committed, in fact, that he gradually isolates himself from his supporters and friends, believing he can trust no one.
When twelve people are killed by violence, whoever they are, for whatever reason, that is a tragedy and a waste. The fate of AirAsia Flight and the souls on board is a tragedy , but it will not remain a mystery for much longer. A senior law enforcement official suggested one early lesson from the tragedy. But the pity of it and the tragedy of it were none the less on that account. At length the tragedy of "Pertharite" appeared, and proved unsuccessful. At length the tragedy terminated, the curtain dropped, and the audience began to move about. The closing scene of the fourth act of this tragedy can well be studied as a striking example of Alfieri's power of condensation. A serious drama in which a central character , the protagonist — usually an important, heroic person — meets with disaster either through some personal fault or through unavoidable circumstances.