At the start of 52 BC, a rebellion that spread rapidly throughout much of Gaul surprised and wrong-footed Gaius Julius Caesar. Even though it was his seventh year in the region, he had completely misread the situation. His army was dispersed and vulnerable, and he himself was far away—south of the Alps—keeping an eye on the disturbed politics of Rome. When Caesar had first intervened in Gaul in 58 BC, many of the tribes had welcomed him as a friend and liberator. Now all but a handful turned against him.
The Caesar's rise to power
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About This Artist
At the siege of Alesia, Vercingetorix's defeat causes the end of gaul civilization and began the establishment of the neo-Latin culture and Provencal French. Scion of famous and noble Roman family part of the gens Julia, which relates the descent from Aeneas, Caesar,however, could not count on a heritage that others from other families had; so he had to develop diplomatic-political "skills" to climb the cursus honorum albeit later than others. Early in his political career took the part of the popular ingratiating thus the Plebs in anti-Senatorial function, later given the situation of distrust between the Senate and Pompey, he joined the latter and Crassus to constitute the first tiumvirate that brought him the office of Consul and later quinquennial proconsulship of Gaul. His achievements in those lands, the following submission and the absolute fidelity of those peoples enabled caesar, when the Senate refused him the candidacy to the Consulate, to blow up a civil war in which the protagonists were him and Pompey. Caesar marched on Rome without encountering resistance, pursued and defeated Pompey to Greece Pharsalus 46 BC and, thereupon, gained the absolute control of Rome, where was appointed dictator for 10 years. His political vision then began to come out. His State project was a careful research of civil peace, voted to keep a relationship between Rome and the provinces and was oriented to obtain popular support. Even his not objective story of Gallic War De Bello Gallico, in which is described the siege of Alesia between paragraphs 69 and 90 of the seventh book had exclusively political reasons.
He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly Mediterranean empire. The siege of Alesia 52 BCE , discussed on this page, was one of the most important battles during Caesar 's conquest of Gaul. After he had captured this Gallic town, only mopping-up operations remained. Caesar described the siege in his Commentaries on the war in Gaul , book 7, chapters The translation is by Anne and Peter Wiseman. Deputations were sent into every part of the country; they did all they could, using their influence, prestige and money, to win the other tribes over to their cause. They got hold of the hostages I had left in their keeping, and by threatening their lives they intimidated any who were hesitating to join them.